On 20 September, a high-level convention was held on the UN Headquarters in New York inside the framework of the UN Basic Meeting on the subject: “Leveraging the Multidimensional Poverty Index to Topple Interlinked SDGs”, organized by the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Community (MPPN) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Growth Initiative (OPHI).
The aim of the occasion was to place the issue of poverty on the middle of the dialogue, in addition to to stimulate motion and develop cooperation to develop sustainable options which have a better impression on individuals dwelling in poverty and contribute to the well-being of the entire society.
Director of the Middle for Financial Analysis and Reforms (CERR) Obid Khakimov made a report on the high-level occasion.
In his speech, the pinnacle of CERR famous that lately the federal government of Uzbekistan has made important progress in fixing the issue of poverty inside the nation. Uzbekistan is a rustic with a decrease–center earnings and a inhabitants of greater than 36 million individuals. In 2022, roughly 14% of the inhabitants, which is about 5.4 million individuals, lived in poverty.
The answer to the issue of poverty additionally consists of the adoption of the Technique “Uzbekistan – 2030”, which goals to cut back poverty by 7% by 2030. As well as, the authorised Social Safety Technique outlines plans to create a system that gives a minimal degree of social safety for all residents.
«This will probably be achieved by increasing the protection and growing the focusing on of social help. At present, all social safety mechanisms are built-in inside the newly established Nationwide Social Safety Company in accordance with the rules of UNDP and UNICEF», — famous O.Khakimov.
As well as, with a view to speed up progress in direction of reaching the Sustainable Growth Objectives, particularly Objective 1, which is aimed on the widespread eradication of poverty in all its kinds, the Authorities of Uzbekistan has acknowledged the issue of multidimensional poverty and has set the event of this indicator as one of many highest priorities. So, the nationwide poverty line is predicated on minimal shopper spending.
Throughout the speech, it was famous that presently in partnership with UNDP, UNICEF, Innocenti UNICEF and the Oxford Poverty and Human Growth Initiative, Uzbekistan has initiated a pilot mission to measure the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). This work is geared toward a complete evaluation of the dimensions and depth of poverty, together with baby poverty, within the context of Uzbekistan.
The Director of the CERR instructed the contributors of the occasion that the examine included two phases: the primary survey was performed in 2022 amongst 1,500 households, the place a definition of multidimensional poverty was developed.
In 2023, knowledge was collected from 4,515 households, specializing in numerous socio-economic components affecting the well-being of the individuals.
«These components embrace training, employment, well being, social safety, lifestyle, entry to info, diet, and so forth. All of the questions had been rigorously tailored to the precise context of Uzbekistan, which allowed us to develop an indicator that precisely displays the distinctive elements of deprivation within the nation», — famous O.Khakimov.
Talking about indicators of multidimensional poverty, it was famous that MPI consists of 13 indicators grouped by 3 dimensions of well-being:
- fundamental infrastructure and dwelling situations
- well being and social capital
- monetary inclusion and employment
«The preliminary outcomes of the MPI examine give us a whole image of poverty in our nation. To resolve this drawback, the Technique “Uzbekistan – 2030” defines key objectives, equivalent to doubling the nation’s GDP and growing the incomes of 4.5 million individuals vulnerable to poverty», — famous O.Khakimov.
Throughout the speech, it was famous that the Technique emphasizes social obligations associated to the additional improvement of the training system, together with the growth of pre-school training protection and a minimal of fifty% degree of enrollment of younger individuals in larger training establishments.
As well as, the precedence is the event of the healthcare sector by doubling the financing of healthcare and reaching 100% digitalization of medical establishments.
In conclusion, O.Khakimov famous that the Technique is geared toward guaranteeing full protection of social safety for these in want and decreasing the unemployment fee to 7% by offering steady and efficient employment alternatives for everybody, together with younger individuals and other people with disabilities.
Due to this fact, MPI will function a barometer of actual adjustments inside the nation over the following seven years.
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